Sachin Tendulkar

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Brief Intro

Sachin Tendulkar is a one of the greatest Indian Cricketer. He is known as God Of Cricket . He is widely acknowledge as the greatest batsman of his generation and became idol of many youngsters. He has represented Mumbai domestically and India internationally for almost 26 years. He is the first player to score one hundred international centuries and first player to score a double century in an ODI (One Day International). In October 2013, he became the first Indian player to aggregate 50,000 runs in all including First-class cricket, List A cricket and Twenty 20. He has honored with the Padma Vibhushan and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award. He had also won Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy at the ICC Awards. On 16th November 2013, he retired from the cricket after playing his 200th Test Match against the West Indies in Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai.  He is the first sportsmen to receive the ‘Bharat Ratna Award’.

 

Early Life & Background

Sachin was born on 24th April 1973 in Mumbai, Maharashtra. His father Ramesh Tendulkar was a reputed Marathi novelist and his mother Rajni Tendulkar worked in the insurance company. Sachin has a three elder sibling, two brothers Nitin and Ajit Tendulkar and a sister Savita Tendulkar. They were Ramesh Tendulkar’s children from his first marriage. He used to play tennis during his school years.

In 1984, his brother Ajit Tendulkar introduced him with a famous cricket coach to Ramakant Achrekar. He spotted Sachin’s talent and gave him special attention. On Achrekar’s request, Sachin shifted his schooling to from IES Bandra to Sharadashram Vidyamandir Dadar, Mumbai. Achrekar trained him at Shivaji Park Dadar. During this period, he moved at his uncle’s place near Shivaji Park.

Sachin use to play lots of matches from his school Sharadashram Vidyamandir. He also played club cricket representing John Bright Cricket Club and later went on to play for the Cricket Club of India. At the age of 14, he attended the MRF Pace Foundation in Chennai to train as a fast bowler, but Australian cricketer Dennis Lille suggested him that he should focus on his batting instead of balling. During High School years in 1988, he scored century in every innings and made an unbroken 664 runs in a partnership with Vinod Kambli in a Lord Harris Shield inter-school competition. The record of partnership was unbreakable in any form of cricket until 2006.

 

Journey in the Sports Industry

Domestic Career:

On 14th November 1987, Sachin got selected to represent Mumbai in the Ranji Trophy, however he was not selected for the final eleven in any of the matches but was used as a substitute fielder. At the age of fifteen, he made his debut for team Mumbai and played against team Gujarat at the home ground. He scored 100 not out in that match, making him the youngest Indian to score a century on first-class debut. He even scored a century in his first Deodhar and Duleep Trophies tournaments. He was Mumbai’s highest scorer of 1988-89.

Sachin made an unbeaten century in the Irani Trophy match against Delhi at the start of 1989-90. He was picked for young Indian team to tour England twice under the Star Cricket Banner in 1988 and 1989. In 1992, he became the first overseas born player to represent Yorkshire, replacing Australian fast bowler Craig McDermott at the age of 19. He played 16 first-class matches and scored 1070 runs at an average of 46.52. He made his first double century for Mumbai while playing against Australia at the Brabourne Stadium in 1988. He also scored 233 not out against Tamil Nadu in the semi-finals of Ranji Trophy in 2000 making him the best in Ranji Trophy’s history.

 

International Career:

In early 1989, Indian selection committee decided to select Sachin for the tour of the West Indies but eventually drop their plan as they did not want him to be exposed to the dominant fast bowlers of the West Indies. In late 1989, Raj Singh Dungarpur selected Sachin for the Indian tour of Pakistan. At the age of 16, he made his first test debut against Pakistan in Karachi in November 1989. However, he just managed to score 15 runs in the match. In the fourth and final Test of the series, he scored 53 runs off 18 balls even after getting hit on the nose by a bouncer bowled by the Pakistani blower Waqar Younis. In the same match, he had scored 27 runs in an over and had scored 215 runs in the Test Series.

Later, Sachin played the tour of New Zealand in which he scored 117 runs in Tests. In mid 1990, he played for tour to England and became the second youngest cricketer to score a Test Century by scoring 119 not out in the second Test match of the series. During 1991-92 he played for Tour of Australia, where he scored 148 in the third test match of the series at Sydney and in the final test scored 114 at Perth.

In his early twenties, Sachin started becoming a performer. He made 82 runs off 49 balls against New Zealand in 1994. After playing 79 ODI’s, he made his first ODI century against Australia in late 1994. During 1996 World Cup, Sachin scored two centuries and was the only Indian batsman to perform in that semi-final match against Sri Lanka. However, Sir Lanka won the match, but it was the rising point in Sachin’s career.

After the World Cup, he played a match against Pakistan under the captaincy of Mohammed Azharuddin. Sachin and Navjot Singh Sidhu both made centuries and scored more than 300 runs in the match. This was for the first time that the team had scored 300 in an ODI. In the end, India won the match. Later, during the Australian tour of India in 1998, Sachin scored three repeated centuries and once again India won the match.

Later, Sachin single-handedly won the quarterfinal of ICC 1998 and made team India’s entry into the semifinals by taking four wickets of Australian players and scoring 141 runs off 128 balls. During 1999 Asian Test Championship which was held between India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, Sachin became run out in the first match against Pakistan. It created such a mess, as crowd were taken off the field for throwing objects on Shoaib Akhtar as he had bowled Sachin. In the second match of the series which was against Sri Lanka, Sachin scored his 19th Test century. However, the match was draw. India didn’t make its way to the final and series was won by Pakistan. Later, India refused to participate in the second Asian Test Championship due to the political issues between India and Pakistan.

In 1999, India lost the Test of Pakistan toured India despite century made by Sachin. During the 1999 Cricket World Cup, Sachin’s father Ramesh Tendulkar passed away. He left the Zimbabwe match and flew back to India to attend the rituals of his father. After returning to the World Cup, he scored a century in the match against Kenya. He made 140 runs for 101 balls and said ‘this century is dedicated to my father’.

Then he became Indian Captain but unfortunately he was not that successful as captain and thus he resigned from the Captaincy. But after resigning from the captaincy, Sachin continued performing well at all the matches. During Border-Gavaskar Trophy, Sachin took the three wickets on the final day. Later in 2000 series in the West Indies, he scored 79 runs in the first test and 117 in the first innings. In the second Test, he scored his 29th Century, but in the later four innings he scored 3 ducks and 8 runs in third inning. In the last test of the series, he scored 41 runs and 86 runs, but India lost the series. This was the decline phase of Sachin’s career, which lasted till 2006.

In 2002, Sachin broke the record of Bradman’s by scoring 30th Test century in the match against England. It was his 99th Test match. Then during 2003 Cricket World Cup, he scored 673 runs in 11 matches and Indian reached till the finals. However, Australia won the World Cup but Sachin was awarded as the Man of the Tournament. In the same year, he scored two hundreds in a tri series ODI matches played between India, New Zealand and Australia. During the series of India toured Australia in 2003, Sachin had an unusually horrible run of form, failing in first six innings. However, he scored 241 not out in the last match of the series.

Later in the series against Pakistan, Sachin scored 194 runs not out but then India declared the inning before Tendulkar could reach 200. Sachin was very disappointed with the decision as he missed his fourth double century in the test match. But in the end India won the match. Then he was out from the cricket for almost a year due to his elbow injury. He just played for last two matches in the series of Australia toured India in 2004. He scored the fast 55 and made India victorious in that test match, which was held in Mumbai. However, the series was won by Australia by 2-1.

On 10th December 2005, Sachin broke the record by scoring his 35th Test Century in the match against Sri Lanka. On 6th February 2006, he scored his 39th ODI century in a match against Pakistan. On 19th March 2006, he just scored one run off 21 balls in the match against England at the Wankhede Stadium. As a result for the first time he had witness the anger of the audience. Later, he scored less than 50runs in three of the Test series. Then it was rumor that Sachin will get drop from the next series due to his shoulder operation. However, BCCI selected him for the series stating that he had overcome his injury problem and was available for the selection.

Sachin made his comeback through DLF cup in which he performed brilliantly. He scored his 40th ODI century in his comeback match against West Indies on 14th September 2006. It was the answer to his critics who believed that his career was finished. Unfortunately, even after scoring 141 not out, West Indies won the match by the D/L method.  At the World Cup that was held in the West Indies, Sachin was pushed to bat lower down by the coach Greg Chappel and he performed very poor by scoring 7 runs against Bangladesh, 57 not out against Bermuda and 0 against Sri Lanka. During this period, he didn’t perform that well in the matches. He developed a tendency to go without scouting much for long periods and become more defensive. It was the decline phase of Sachin’s life and it was expected that he should retire.

After the 2007 World Cup, Sachin’s career had a second wind and he returned to his formed once again. During the series against Bangladesh, Sachin returned to his opening slot and became the Man of the Series. In the Future Cup against South Africa, he scored over 90 runs and once again became the Man of the Series.

On 28th July 2007 on the second day of Nottingham Test, Sachin became the third cricketer to complete 11,000 Test runs. Later during the ODI’s against England and Australia in 2007, he was the leading Indian run scorer. In 2007, he was dismissed seven times missing his century. He became out in between 90 and 100 out of which three times he was out at 99 runs. In his international cricket career, Sachin got out 27 times in the 90s.

During the Border-Gavaskar Trophy 2007-08, Sachin became the leading run scorer with 493 runs in four Tests and also became the Player of the Match in the fourth Test. Later he played in the Commonwealth Bank Tri-Series ODI consisting team Indian along with Sri Lanka and Australia. He started the series by scoring just 10, 35, 44 and 32 runs. On 5th February 2008 during one of the series match against Sri Lanka, Sachin became the only batsman to complete 16,000 runs in ODIs. However in the end, Sachin came back strongly in match against Sri Lanka and scored 63 runs off 54 balls. He finished the series with a match winning 117 not out off 120 balls in the first final and 91 runs in the second final.

During the South Africa toured India in 2008, Sachin scored a five-ball duck in his only innings of the series. Later, he was dismissed from the second and third Test along with tri-series match in the 2008 Asia Cup. He was even out the first half of the inaugural season of the IPL. Before India tour Sri Lanka in mid-2008, Sachin needed just 177 runs to beat Brain Lara’s record of Test 11,953 runs. Unfortunately, Sachin failed in the series and scored only 95 runs. Sachin was then sidelined due to injury in the ODI series against Sri Lanka. Later during the Australia tour of India, Sachin made his return and scored 13 and 49 runs in the first test and then made 88 runs in the first innings of the second test. This is how Sachin broke the Brain Lara’s record of Test runs. He also crossed 12,000 runs in the series and India once again won the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.

During the 7-match ODI series against England, Sachin was out from the first three ODIs due to injury. He played in fourth and fifth ODI scoring 11 and 50 runs. However after the fifth ODI, the series was called off due to the Mumbai terror attacks. In December 2008, England returned for the 2 matches of test series. In the first test, Sachin scored 103 not out and India won the match. He dedicated this century to the victims of the terror attacks. Eventually he failed in both the innings in the second test match, but India won the series.

In early 2009 as the Pakistan series was cancelled due to the Mumbai attacks, India revisited Sri Lanka for five ODI’s. Sachin performed poor and then became injured. Later, he played for the series against New Zealand consisting of three Tests and five ODIs. During the first test, Sachin scored 160 and made his 42nd Test Century. In the second test, his combine score was 113 runs. While in third test which was cancelled due to rain, he made combine of 71 runs. Later while playing the third ODI match, he made 163 not out but the inning ended by stomach cramps that forced him to retire hurt. However, India won the series.

Sachin took a break for the ODI tour of West Indies and made his return in the Compaq Cup Tri Series which was played between India, Sri Lanka and New Zealand in 2009. In the final match of the tournament, he scored 138 runs and made his 6th century in ODI finals. India won the Compaq Cup in the end. During the ICC Champions trophy in South Africa, he played just one inning and scored only 8 runs against Pakistan. Later, he was out from the third match which was played against West Indies due to food poisoning. Later in the 7 match ODI series between India and Australia, he didn’t even reach 50 runs in the first four games. In the fifth match, he made his 45th ODI hundred by scoring 175 runs off 141 balls. Later this match, Sachin became the first player to score 17,000 ODI runs.

In the next ODI series which was against Sri Lanka in 2009-10, Sachin scored 69, 43, 96 not out and 8 runs in the matches. While he scored 100 not out in the first Test Series, 40 in the second test and 53 in the third test, making India won the series. Later, Sachin rested for the ODI tri-series held at Bangladesh in 2010. Then during the Test match against Bangladesh, he made 105 not out in the first test and 143 in the second test. Then he played for a 2 Test Series against South Africa where he made 100 in the first test. This was his 47th hundred in the Test and 92nd international hundred. In the second test, he scored 200 not out and became the first person to score a double century in ODI Cricket.

Sachin always had one dream in his career that was to win the World Cup before getting retired. At the 2011 World Cup, Sachin was India’s lead run scorer of the tournament. India reached in the finals and played against Sri Lanka. In the final match, India scored 277 for 4 wickets and won the match.

After the World Cup, Sachin took a rest during the West Indies tour and returned to the team during India’s tour of England. There were high chances for Sachin to make his 100th century in international cricket, but he just scored 91 runs in one of Tests. On 8th November 2011, Sachin made another record and became the first cricketer to score 15,000 runs in Test cricket during the Test match against West Indies. The match was held at Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium, New Delhi.

Sachin took quite a long to complete his 100th international century. On 16th March 2012, Sachin scored his 100th international century in the match against Bangladesh during the Asia Cup. He went on to become the first person in the cricket’s history to achieve this mark. But unfortunately India lost the match.

Sachin then returned to the Ranji Trophy 2012 tournament and played for Mumbai against Railways. He scored 137 runs off 136 balls and made the grand score of 344/4 for team Mumbai. During 2012-13 Ranji Trophy tournaments, Sachin decided to play in the knockout stage where he scored 108 in the quarter final against Baroda at Wankhede Stadium. Later in the semi-finals, he scored 56 runs against Services. In the finals against Saurashtra, he was run out for 22 due to a misunderstanding with Wasim Jaffer. In the end, Team Mumbai won the Ranji Trophy 2012-2013. Later, Sachin played in the Irani Trophy for Mumbai and scored 140 not out against Rest of India. This was his 81st hundred in first-class cricket, equaling Sunil Gavaskar’s Indian record for most first-class hundreds.

 

Indian Premier League and Champions League:

When Indian Premier League was announced in 2008, owner of the team Mumbai Indians Mukesh Ambani signed Sachin as the captain of the team. He was played the sum of US $1,121,250. He was the part of every IPL till now and captained the team for 4 leagues.

In 2010, Mumbai Indians reached in the finals and scored 618 runs during the tournament. He broke the record of Shaun Marsh of most runs in an IPL season. During this IPL season, Sachin was awarded as the Player of the Tournament, Best Batsman and Best Captain in the IPL Award Ceremony. In 2011 IPL, Sachin scored 100 not out in the match against Kochi Tuskers Kerala.  In 2013 IPL, Mumbai Indians reached in the finals and defeated Chennai Super Kings by 148/9 to won the IPL Trophy.

 

Retirement:

Sachin just played one Twenty-20 International which was against South Africa in 2006. In 2007, he took the rest from T-20 international after playing England tour. In 2009, he announced his retirement from T-20 Internationals.

On 23rd December 2012, Sachin announced his retirement from ODIs after the series against England. After winning the Indian Premier League Championship in 2013 for Mumbai Indians, he announced his retirement from IPL. Later, he retired from Twenty-20 cricket and limited-overs cricket after playing 2013 Champions League T20 match for Mumbai Indians. On 10th October 2013, Sachin announced his retirement from the Test format as well, after playing the Two-Test series against West Indies in November. BCCI confirmed the news and said that Sachin will play his last match at his home ground Wankhede Stadium. He scored 74 runs in his last test inning, failing short of 79 runs to complete 16,000 runs in test cricket.

 

Captaincy:

In 1996, Sachin became a captain for the first time but unfortunately he was not that successful as a captain. The team started performing poorly by 1997. During the India tour Australia, he was succeeding Azharuddin as captain for his second term. Sachin won the player of the tournament and player of the match awards, however, Australia won the series by 3-0. Then in another Test series against South Africa, India got defeated by 0-2 at the home ground. Later, Sachin resigned from the captaincy post and Sourav Ganguly became the new captain in 2000. Though, Sachin wasn’t a captain but he remained an integral part of the Indian team’s strategies.

In 2007, Sachin was appointed as a Vice-Captain under the captaincy of Rahul Dravid. Later, Rahul retired from the cricket and the president of BCCI Sharad Pawar offered the captaincy to Sachin. However, he asked Pawar, not to appoint him captain and recommended the name of Mahendra Singh Dhoni.

 

Personal Life

Sachin got married to Anjali on 24th May 1995. Anjali is a pediatrician and a daughter of Gujarati industrialist Anand Mehra. Anjali is six years elder to Sachin. The couple gave birth to their first children Sara Tendulkar on 12th October 1997. On 24th September 1999, their second child named Arjun Tendulkar was born. In January 2013, Arjun was selected in Mumbai’s under-14 team for the west zone league. In October 2013, Sachin was announced as the India’s wealthiest cricket player.

 

Politics

In April 2002, then President of India Pratibha Patil offered the proposal of nomination of Rajya Sabha to Sachin and by accepting it Sachin became the first active sportsperson and cricketer to have been nominated in Politics. On 2nd May 2002, he was elected to seat number 103 in the Rajya Sabha and took the oath on 4th June 2002. However, he refused to take the bungalow allotted to him in New Delhi and reside in Mumbai.

 

Social Work

Sachin is also involved in the social activities as he sponsors 200 underprivileged children every year through Apnalaya, a Mumbai-based NGO associated with his mother-in-law, Annabel Mehta. Later, on Sachin’s request on Twitter raised the amount of Rs. 1.025 crore for the Crusade against Cancer foundation. On 18th September 2011, he spent nine hours on the 12-hour Coca-Cola-NDTV Support My School telethon that helped to raise Rs. 7 crore for the creation of basic facilities, particularly toilets for girl students in 140 government schools across the country.

 

Other Works

Business:

As Sachin was immense popular for his cricket skills in India and aboard, WorldTel signed a five years of deal for Rs. 30 crore in 1995. In 2001, they signed another five years contract with him at the cost of Rs. 80 crore. In 2006, Sachin signed a contract with an advertising agency Saatchi and Saatchi for over three years at the cost of Rs. 180 crore. Meanwhile, he opened three restaurants in a partnership with the owner of Mars Restaurants Sanjay Narang named Tendulkat’s at Colaba, Mumbai and Sachin’s in Mumbai and Bangalore. In 2007, Sachin announced a joint-venture with the Future Group and Manipal Group to launch healthcare and sports fitness products under the brand name ‘S Drive and Sach’.He was also featured as a comic superhero by the Virgin Comics.

 

Commercial Endorsements:

Sachin has become the brand ambassador for various brands throughout his cricket career. To be name few are Boost, Pepsi, MRF, Adidas, Britannia, Fiat, TVS, Sunfeast, Airtel, Reynolds, Colgate, Philips, VISA, Castrol India, Coca-Cola and many more. He has also been a spokesperson for National Egg Coordination Committee, AIDS Awareness Campaign and Luminous India. Sachin was also the brand ambassador for the Sports Resto-Bar ‘Smaaash’ which is located at Lower Parel, Mumbai.

 

Awards

Some of the Achievements and Awards of Sachin Tendulkar:

Arjuna Award for outstanding achievement in sports in 1994

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna in 1997 and 1998

Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1997

Padma Shri Award in 1999

Maharashtra Bhushan Award in 2001

Player of the tournament in Cricket World Cup in 2003

Padma Vibhushan in 2008

The Asian Awards for Outstanding Achievement in Sports and People’s Choice Award in 2010

ICC Award for Cricketer of the Year in 2010

BCCI Cricketer of the Year in 2011

Wisden of India Outstanding Achievement Award in 2012

Bharat Ratnain 2014

 

Records:

15,921 runs in Test Matches
18,426 runs in ODI Matches
463 ODI matches
200 Test matches
49 Centuries in ODI matches
51 Centuries in Test matches
15 Man of the Series Awards in ODI matches
32 Man of the Match Awards in ODI matches