The Nobel Prize is a one of the prestigious International Award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden. The award is named after Alfred Nobel, a Swedish inventor and entrepreneur. A person who receives this prize is known as “Nobel Laureate”. Let’s take a look at the Original born Indians who had received the Nobel Awards in past.
Rabindranath Tagore: He received honorable Nobel Prize in year 1913 for his Literature work. During this period he has written ‘Gitanjali’ which was liked by people and got many awards for this. He was the first non-Europen and the first Asian person to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman: Raman received the Nobel Prize for his theory of Raman lines. He employed monochromatic light from a mercury arc lamp which penetrated transparent material and was allowed to fall on a spectrograph to record its spectrum. He presented this theory at a scientist meeting in Bangalore and earned the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Har Gobind Khorana: He was an Indian-American biochemist who shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley. He was awarded for his research that helped to show how the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell, control the cell’s synthesis of proteins.
Mother Teresa: In 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her social work to overcome poverty and distress in the country of India.
Subramanyan Chandrashekhar: He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983 for his mathematical theory of black holes. This was a key discovery that led to the currently accepted theory on the later evolutionary stages of massive stars.
Amartya Sen: He has made contributions in welfare economics, social choice theory, economic and social justice, economic theories of famines, and indexes of the measure of well-being of citizens of developing countries. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1998 for his work in welfare economics.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan: He is an Indian-born American and British structural biologist, who shared the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath, for the studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.
Kailash Satyarthi received 2014 Nobel Prize in Peace Department. He is a social worker, who is working on child labor problems since 1980. He had established the ‘Bachpan Bachao Aandolan’ (Save childhood Movement) which worked against the child trafficking in India. Till date he has rescued almost 8,000 kids and had helped them to pursue education. His main motto is ‘education for all’. He is also a part of UNESCO Body which deals with Global Partnership of Education.
Apart from these Great Indians, Britishers like Ronald Ross & Rudyard Kipling who were actually born in India but had British citizenship had also received the Nobel Prize. Even 14th Dalai Lama who was born in Tibet but resident in India had also received the Peace Award in 1989, whereas, the British writer with Indian heritage, V.S.Naipual received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001.